This 2021 Alma report exposes the true scope of Hamas’s military activities in Lebanon. Ultimately, Hamas’s objective is to create an additional front against Israel, which will allow it flexibility and other attack options besides its stronghold in the Gaza Strip. Based on an array of open sources, the report identifies the principal senior political and military Hamas leaders active on Lebanese territory, the organization’s multiple military projects, and working plans. It also identifies the locations of some of Hamas’s key Lebanese military sites.
Lebanon has become an important training and recruitment area for the Hamas Iranian axis, from the eight Arab Palestinian refugee camps combined populations estimated of 200,000 to 300,000. In addition, the Lebanon’s Mediterranean coast provides a safe haven for Hamas Naval commandos, their training targeting Israeli the Tamar gas fields.