More than 70 manufacturers based in 13 different countries and territories produced the components that CAR documented in Iranian materiel in Ukraine. Eighty-two per cent were manufactured in companies based in the United States.
The move towards higher-end technological capabilities in export model weapons used in Ukraine demonstrates that Iran has been able to circumvent current sanction regimes and has added more capabilities and resiliency to its weapons. The Shahed-131 and Shahed-136 UAVs that CAR documented in Ukraine include high-end components, such as semiconductors and tactical-grade inertial measurement units, that have been sourced outside Iran. Some of these components are on the US control list for hardware prohibited for export to Iran.