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Russian Unmanned Ground Combat Vehicles Video
Perhaps more worrying is the likely movement of the so-called Russian robotic army to the Ukrainian border. Since robotic army equipment was displayed as early as five years ago at several International Military Technical Forums, the world has become aware of robotic combat vehicles being developed and enhanced by the Russian Military. Some of the equipment was used in Syria, but performance was thought to be poor.
Previously, Vladimir Dmitriev, head of the Kalashnikov Concern stated, “Shortcomings were identified during the tests in Syria.” He further summarized the problems as issues of control, reduced mobility, and unsatisfactory military intelligence and surveillance functions. Reports show that upgraded unmanned firepower was inspected by Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu at the 766th Production and Technological Enterprise near Moscow. There is reason to believe that Ukraine could be a further proving ground for this weaponry.
There are several known robotic vehicles thought to be possibly deployed with the Russian Army on the Ukrainian border.
The Uran-9, which first deployed to the Syrian war, is a tracked unmanned combat ground vehicle (UCGV) developed and produced by Kalashnikov Concern. The system is designed to deliver combined combat, reconnaissance and counter-terrorism units with remote reconnaissance and fire support. The armament consists of a 30 mm autocannon for small, fast, and agile surface and air threats, four anti-tank guided missiles (ATGM) or surface-to-air missiles (SAM), Fire Control System (FCS), infrared (IR) sensor, and laser rangefinder amongst other capability.
Uran-6 is a multi-functional, mine-clearing robotic system. Used for area clearance operations, the demining robot is used in mine reconnaissance, detecting and for removing explosive ordnance and anti-personnel / anti-tank mines. The Uran-6 minimizes risks caused by unexploded ordnance. The robot was first seen at the International Military Technical Forum, held in Russia in September 2016.
Uran-14 multi-purpose unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) is designed to extinguish fires in difficult to reach areas such as burning military warehouses, ammunition dumps, and petrochemical plants. It is also suitable for missions such as breaching and clearing minefields, surveillance, and engineering reconnaissance.
With the alleged usage of unmanned aerial vehicle in previous weeks, it is likely that UCGV and UGVs are in the buildup area, if nothing more than proof of concept and feasibility demonstration after recent upgrades and modifications. Regardless, these types of UCGV deployments will certainly become more prevalent and will change the shape of the modern battlefield.
At the first sight, “Udar” is some sort of a hybrid between a reliable BMP-3 and some sort of a remote control module that was made by Tulskoe “CB” (constructional Buerau). But this first impression is misleading
“Udar” is not just a combat vehicle, it is a complex robotic machine that is capable of solving combat tasks in a wide variaty of situations.
“Today we already can allow an operator to control a machine remotely, while keeping the capability for manual control. What is meant to be done now, is intellectualise the control of the behaviour and movement of the machine considering the pathway, dodging obsticles, working together with drones. We also make the machine to consider tactical circumstances and landscape as it carries out its combat mission”, – Sergei Filippov, the chief engineer of the project, talks about the machine.
All the “Udar’s” electronics must be inside the vehicle at all times – then they will be out of reach for assault rifles, shockwaves and shrapnel, and also for EM radiation. BMP-3 is a machine made for all sorts of terrain in any weather, so the robot must be able to withstand a variaty of temperature fluctuations and be unsusceptable to vibration.